Cytoxan is a drug that is widely used in the sphere of cancer treatment in humans. Veterinarians also prescribe the drug in case pets have a swelling of a part of the body, generally without inflammation, caused by an abnormal growth of tissue, whether benign or malignant. Pets can take the drug to cope with various immune system disorders. Vets recommend giving the pills to dogs and cats in case of bowel dysfunction caused by the inflammation and when a pet suffers from rheumatoid arthritis. Generally, veterinarians use Cytoxan for dogs because it’s more effective for them than for other pets. The drug is often combined with other medicines to treat cancer of the lymph nodes in dogs.
What Form to Prefer
The owner usually buys Cyclophosphamide for pets in the form of a powder for a solution or a tablet. There is also an injection variant but only a professional can give it qualitatively and without unwished consequences. A human being knows what that is for and can stand the procedure. An animal, on the contrary, doesn’t understand the reason for the torture and can bite, get scared, and even run away from the master trying to avoid the next shots.
How the Drug Works
When the drug penetrates into the pet’s body, it affects cancer cells making their growth slower. Cells become vulnerable and die in some time. So, the drug also stops the spreading and forming of new cancer cells.
What Side Effects Can a Pet Experience?
Cytoxan for cats and dogs is a very strong drug that can provoke some adverse reactions.
A pet can suffer from:
- Lack of appetite
- Hair loss
- Pain in the bladder (the urine becomes pink or red)
- Stomach upset
- The suppression of the marrow bone (seldom)
- Modified blood test results
Cytoxan can interfere with other drugs. That’s why it’s necessary to inform the vet about other medicines the pet is given.
In What Case a Pet Is Not to Be Given the Drug
If a pet has an allergy to some components of the drug or suffers from an acute infection, it’s recommended to find some other drug to cope with the disease. A vet must also examine the animal and check whether it has kidney or liver problems. Otherwise, a pet can be hurt by the treatment.
How to Give the Drug
First, a pet’s master should get a prescription and then buy the drug. Unprofessional use of the drug can worsen the pet’s health condition. It’s better to purchase oral capsules or suspensions for the animal. If a pet vomits or doesn’t want to take the drug, a master can add it into the food. The dose depends on the body mass of the animal, its size, and a great number of other factors. The dose is not to be increased or missed. The drug has a better effect when it’s given at one and the same time daily. A master is to wear gloves and wash hands after handling the medication.
A pet can have a dry mouth so professional vets recommend supplying it with enough drinking water.
If the dose is missed, a pet must take it as soon as the master remembers. A dose usually contains 25 or 50 mg pill. In case of injections, there must be 1 – 2mg of Cyclophosphamide per kilogram. The duration of the treatment depends on many factors including the pet’s health state and achieved results. Only a professional decides when to stop the treatment. A pet must be periodically examined after the medication to let a veterinarian see if there is the need start the medication again.
Where to Store the Drug
The drug is to be taken only by the ill animal. Children mustn’t have access to it. The storing place is to be dry and dark. The temperature mustn’t exceed 30˚C or 86˚F but the drug is not to be frozen.